You're not alone. Water retention during menstruation is widespread.
In medicine, there are several names for the increased storage of fluids in women who are otherwise completely healthy. Most commonly, the term "premenstrual syndrome" is used because the symptoms mainly occur in the days before menstruation. In most women, the first edema is noticeable shortly after ovulation. How long the water retention stays varies from person to person. While some ladies only struggle with them in the days leading up to the period, other women suffer up to two weeks (including the period).
The causes are not entirely clear. For this reason, the deposits during the period are called cyclic-idiopathic edema. The same symptoms can also occur almost independently of menstruation (including wet-warm weather), which is why the neutral term fluid retention syndrome is equally correct.
Why is there unwanted water retention during menstruation?
Als zentrale Ursache für die Ödeme wird eine erhöhte Durchlässigkeit der Kapillarwand für Eiweiß angesehen. Da auf diese Weise Flüssigkeit und Eiweiß ins Bindegewebe austritt, kommt es in den Blutgefäßen zu Mangelerscheinungen. Darauf reagiert der Körper unmittelbar und produziert gleich eine ganze Reihe an Hormonen (Angiotensin, ADH, Renin, Aldosteron). Diese haben allesamt den gleichen Effekt und halten das Körperwasser sowie das Kochsalz zurück. Dadurch wird die Ausscheidung verringert und der Durst erhöht.
Trotz einer hohen Flüssigkeitszufuhr scheiden viele Frauen in dieser Phase zu wenig aus. Die eiweißreichen Ödeme befinden sich aber noch im Bindegewebe und können nicht optimal vom Lymphgefäßsystem abtransportiert werden. In der Folge nehmen die Einlagerungen langsam aber stetig zu. Ursächlich sind die weiblichen Sexualhormone. Insbesondere das Verhältnis von Östrogenen zu Gestagenen (u. a. Progesteron). Hast du viel Östrogene im Körper, wirkt sich das maßgeblich auf deinen Wasserhaushalt aus. Sie erhöhen die Zirkulation der Flüssigkeitsmenge und schwächen die Pumpeigenschaft der Lymphdrüsen. Zudem erhöhen sie den Anteil einiger Hormone im Blut, die das Wasser zurückhalten (Aldosteron, Renin und Angiotensin).
Which complaints occur?
Very uncomfortable are agonizing headaches and in many cases also complaints in the abdominal area (flatulence, feelings of fullness, increased intestinal activity including noise, constipation, etc.). Often the lower abdomen is slightly arched. Most women complain that they are constantly beaten and tired during this phase. Often there is also a drop in blood pressure and drowsiness and dizziness.
At the same time, women are particularly troubled by the swelling of the affected regions. In particular, the eye areas and the cheeks look as if you had been celebrating for days and then taken enough alcoholic to you. In addition, the fingers can become so thick that the rings hurt and the breasts stretch. For the evening you feel it in the thighs.
Ultimately, the water retention on the scale noticeable. The range is between 1 and 10 kg.
Often errors occur in the vegetative regulation of the body, which can bring about the following symptoms:
- Blood pressure fluctuations
- increased tendency to freeze or sweat
- Food cravings
- sleep disorders
The impairments are very different. Some women just do not feel well, but otherwise can go about a normal everyday life. Other women are so severely affected that they suffer from severe irritability and even depression. Even the smallest things are too much. A single word can trigger a violent reaction.
At the latest after the period begins an increased excretion of the liquid. The edema disappears again and with them the side effects.
What can you do about it?
A good tip: Take calcium tablets. They improve the symptoms sustainably, while they have negligible side effects. Keep your fingers away from dehydrators. It is irrelevant, whether it is pharmaceutical products or natural means such. B. nettle tea is.
In the past, gynecologists advised many women in similar situations to abstain from salt if possible. The rationale was that salt would make the blood thicker and make it harder for the veins to feed the extremities. Clinical studies have clearly refuted this approach. You can season your food as usual.
Other old home recipes were potato or rice days. That's completely wrong. Such measures are unhealthy and ineffective. They can not prevent the accumulation of liquid.
How can you effectively counteract water retention?
- 1. Ernährung
First and foremost is your diet. It should be balanced and contain plenty of vegetables.
- 2. Wasser
Your special focus must be on your fluid balance. Drink as much as possible. At first sight this may be a contradiction, but the opposite is the case. Only if your organism gets enough fluid, it can perform its mechanisms as best as possible. Water is the means of transport par excellence. Are you dehydrated? B. degraded fat cells or edema can not be flushed out properly. Water is your fuel for almost all processes in your body. This important property has nothing to do with the fluid retention.
- 3. Entlastung der Beine
Keep your legs up as often as possible. Avoid standing for a long time. When you sit, your feet should be higher than your pelvis. This tip is especially important at night, so that you can best support the return of the blood and the accumulated deposits during sleep.
- 4. Stützstrümpfe
Put on stockings or support tights right in the morning. They reduce the sagging of the blood in the legs.
- 5. Bewegung
Even though it's hard, you have to move regularly. Walks, moderate cycling and pregnancy sport par excellence - swimming - are recommended. By staying in the water its hydrostatic pressure can push back the edema.
- 6. Wechselbäder
Showers and baths with alternating water temperatures promote blood circulation. Subsequently, a brush massage is advisable.
How often and how long do the edema occur?
In most cases, the problems begin at puberty or in the first years of adulthood. In addition, women who had never had edema before, can get water retention after pregnancy. In general, the menopause is over. Up to four out of ten women have mild to severe symptoms during this time.
You will not be able to prevent it, but with the right tools, you can make the suffering more enjoyable. Ultimately, you can not influence your hormone balance. He is also part of your personality.